On Monday, April 23, 2012, forty-one students from Auburn’s Drake Middle School, accompanied by teacher Mrs. Helm and student intern Claire Lewallyn, participated in a workshop on Students as Citizens: An Experience in Civic Life. The students are members of the Hal Moore Leadership Academy, and the workshop was held at the Boykin Community Center, just down the street from the school.
The workshop was part of our collaboration with the David Mathews Center for Civic Life and the University ofAlabama’s New College. Auburn student Stephanie Grant, a Jean O’Connor-Snyder intern with the Mathews Center, helped develop the workshop’s components, which introduced deliberative democratic practices to students. Cristin Foster, program coordinator for the Mathews Center, assisted with the event as a facilitator, along with three Dadeville High School seniors Adam Blackburn, David Langley, and Andrew Thomas. We owe a special thanks to the seniors, who came to Auburn to participate on a school holiday. Their willingness to forego sleeping late to work with middle school students speaks volumes about their character.
Stephanie assigned students to tables randomly, since we all benefit from working with others whom we may not know as well as our best friends. Students enjoyed a few rounds of Apples to Apples, the game where you have to think about making comparisons based on another person’s perspective. The first group challenge was to build a tower using marshmallows and spaghetti, not an easy task, and the second exercise was a quiz using questions from the United States naturalization exam. After all, if we ask immigrants to learn U.S. history and civics information for entry into the country, shouldn’t “born citizens” know the same?
The second group challenge was deciding as groups where to go on vacation for the summer, and each student was assigned a factor that complicated the situation. Deciding where to go as a group is challenging when the participants are diverse: one person won’t use air transportation; another person is eighty years old; someone doesn’t want to spend much money, one person has three screaming toddlers; and a final person can only be gone for four days.
Table facilitators guided students through the next exercise, a slideshow of random people, places, things, and ideas. The goal was for each person to express reactions and thoughts to the item on the slide, while the facilitator asked exploratory questions. Answering “I hate peanut butter and banana sandwiches” was not enough, for example, so the facilitator might ask, “What do you not like about it? Have you tried it?” The questions vary, especially for topics such as Lady Gaga, seafood, the death penalty, etc., but the purpose of the exercise is to orient students to listening to why others might have a preference different from their own. While many of us may never completely understand why someone may love Brussels sprouts, it’s important for us to listen and learn, developing ourselves into citizens who have the willingness and skill to “walk in another person’s shoes” for a while.
The skills we are trying to develop in young people are related to what we call deliberative democracy, a powerful way of expressing the interactions that take place among people who agree that a problem in society ought to be solved and must decide what to do.
The problem for our students is bullying, which has received more and more attention from educators and policymakers over the last several years. We began our deliberation with a short movie preview from The Bully Project, followed by a slide show of news headlines describing deaths that stemmed from school bullying. At individual tables, students talked through three different approaches to the issue, each representing a different perspective. Approach one relates to stronger consequences for bullying; approach two deals with student empowerment; approach three suggests parents and community members should be more involved. Community solutions require a health mix of all three approaches, of course, but the purpose of deliberation is to weigh the pros and cons of each approach and talk through the troubling aspects and possibilities for innovation related to each.
From deliberation we moved to action design. The company IDEO has a unique, democratic approach to design, so we introduced students to their work using an ABC News Special documenting the design of a shopping cart. Then we gave teams 30 minutes to design a response to the issue of bullying based on what they heard each other saying throughout the deliberation.
Each team presented the following plans:
1) Project Bully, which included presentations and rallies against bullying, and a “bully kit” with information distributed to all students;
2) Bully Beware Fair, a fun way to explain the consequence of bullying;
3) Telepagers, electronic devices that alert teachers when bullying occurs;
4) Information options such as Public Service Announcement and a parent meeting;
6) Illustrative diagram of a tree with seven branches of shared responsibility for bullying;
7) Bully Busting Computer Application for anonymously reporting incidences and opportunity for students to reach out for counseling;
8) Hear and Tell Policy, an emphasis on teacher responsibility for investigating reports of bullying.
We were pleased with student participation in this event, and we believe the activities helped develop students as citizens, people who are willing to talk through various options, perspectives, and interests related to an important issue and act together.
Check out the slide show below to see students working as citizens.